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Doctors Share: 7 Telltale Signs You Might Not Be Getting Enough Protein

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The human body requires six essential nutrients to function optimally: carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, water, and protein. Without these six crucial elements, your body could be at risk of deficiency, leading to a plethora of health problems. Of these nutrients, protein plays a vital role not just in muscle building and maintenance, but also in many basic body functions. Therefore, not getting enough of it could see you grappling with symptoms of protein deficiency.

Protein deficiency, or hypoproteinemia, occurs when one does not consume enough protein or when the body fails to retain protein due to underlying illnesses. Effects can range from hampered cell repair to compromised antibody production in the immune system. Recognizing the symptoms of protein deficiency can expedite treatment and ensure your body continues to function as it should.

“Protein is critical for every cell in the body. It is a building block for muscle, hair, skin, and nails and helps build and repair tissue in the body,” states Chris Mohr, PhD, RD, a fitness and nutrition advisor at Fortune Recommends Health.

Raj Dasgupta, MD, Chief Medical Advisor for the National Council on Aging (NCOA), likewise highlights the importance of protein in our bodies. He stresses the role of proteins in “producing enzymes and hormones, defending against illnesses, and transporting essential molecules around the body.”

A protein deficiency may arise due to inadequate intake or certain health conditions. Such a deficiency is unusual in high-income countries where balanced diets are more accessible. However, a lesser form of protein deficiency called protein insufficiency is more common, particularly in the U.S., where individuals meet the minimum requirements for protein intake but fall short of optimal levels.

The Mayo Clinic advises that proteins should make up 10 to 35 percent of your total caloric intake. Some people, however, are more prone to protein deficiency. These include individuals affected by poverty-related malnutrition, older adults, those with eating disorders, and those with diseases like liver and kidney damage or digestive diseases like Crohn’s or celiac disease. Even vegans and vegetarians, despite having plant-based protein sources, may be prone to protein deficiency.

To ascertain if one is protein-deficient, a doctor’s diagnosis, incorporating dietary history review and blood testing for protein levels, is necessary. The doctor would also consider lifestyle factors and impediments to healthy nutrition.

Now, what happens if you don’t consume enough protein?

You might begin to experience a series of worsening symptoms over time. Fatigue or weakness, slow-healing wounds, fluid retention or edema, hair loss or thinning, dry or flaky skin, brittle nails, mood changes, muscular atrophy, muscle wasting, and immunodeficiency could all point to a protein deficiency.

“Severe deficiencies can lead to conditions like Kwashiorkor, characterized by swelling, liver enlargement, and skin problems in children, and Marasmus, which involves severe weight loss and muscle wasting due to poor protein and calorie intake,” warns Dr. Dasgupta.

There may be various reasons for protein deficiency besides inadequate intake. Underlying conditions affecting the liver, kidneys, or gastrointestinal tract may also lead to a protein deficiency.

“The liver plays a role in processing proteins in the body,” Dr. Dasgupta points out. “If the liver is not functioning well, the body may not be able to manufacture enough protein to carry out its vital functions. This can happen in people with certain liver disorders such as cirrhosis.”

Similarly, the kidneys help maintain protein levels in the blood. In case of kidney damage, protein may leak into the urine, leading to protein deficiency.

Finally, diseases like Crohn’s and Celiac can cause inflammation in the small intestine, impairing absorption of essential nutrients and leading to hypoproteinemia.

The best course of treatment for a protein deficiency will depend largely on its cause. However, doctors typically recommend a plan to increase protein intake through diet or supplements. Prevention of hypoproteinemia includes following a nutrient-rich diet and managing health conditions that affect nutrient absorption. Always consult your healthcare provider for advice on your protein intake and overall health.

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Heart Health Alert: Cardiac Surgeon Reveals 4 Foods He Never Eats

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Focusing on heart health has never been more critical, as heart disease remains a leading cause of death worldwide. A renowned cardiac surgeon, Dr. Jeremy London, recently shared his advice for those looking to improve their cardiac health. Using his professional experience and knowledge, he revealed four foods that he “absolutely avoids” for the sake of his heart. So, let’s delve deeper into Dr. London’s video and the dietary choices that can affect our heart health.

1. Fast Food

Fast food may be convenient and tasty, but it’s a category that Dr. London firmly advises against. “The name says it all, right? Most of what’s available in fast food chains is ‘edible food product,’ it’s not even real food,” asserts the cardiac surgeon.

2. Soft Drinks

Dr. London cautions against the consumption of soft drinks as well – both regular and diet. Regardless of the low-calorie or no-sugar alternative, these beverages pose threats to heart health.

3. Milk Products

It’s not just junk food and fizzy drinks that are on Dr. London’s avoid-list, but also milk products. He shares, “We are the only mammals that drink milk outside of infancy, and we drink it from a different species. Think about it.” He is in line with the American Heart Association’s recommendation to only consume low-fat or fat-free milk, as they contain less saturated fats compared to whole milk options. As they explain, “Saturated fats tend to raise the level of LDL-C cholesterol in the blood. High LDL-C cholesterol is one of the six major risk factors for heart disease that can be changed, treated or modified.”

4. Alcohol

Lastly, Dr. London recommends avoiding alcohol, including the occasional glass of wine with dinner. “Alcohol is absolutely toxic to every cell in our bodies. Even moderate or occasional use is, in fact, detrimental,” warns Dr. London.

It’s important to remember that while these dietary suggestions are valuable, they aren’t the only factor when it comes to heart health. Incorporating regular exercise, adequate sleep, and stress management practices also play significant roles. And, as always, seek professional guidance for personalized health advice. As Dr. London’s recommendations show, every step you take towards healthier dietary choices can make a significant difference for your heart’s well-being.

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Dietitian Reveals the Top Beverage Choice to Support Healthy Digestion

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No one wants to experience the discomfort of constipation, a common condition that can bring on symptoms like bloating, gas, and abdominal pain. Should you find yourself in such an unpleasant predicament, have no fear – there are certain foods and beverages that can help to alleviate your discomfort and get your digestive system back on track.

Constipation is often caused by inadequate fiber intake, dehydration, or the overconsumption of processed foods. Being mindful to hydrate and bulk up on fiber can help in preventing constipation. However, even the most vigilant among us might find ourselves needing fast relief from constipation. To this end, you can turn to certain foods such as prunes, raisins, sweet potatoes, chia seeds, and black beans.

Apart from food, did you know that certain drinks can also lend a helping hand? Apart from the ubiquitous water, which keeps you hydrated, coffee is a choice beverage for relieving constipation, as suggested by Lauren Manaker, MS, RDN. And for the non-coffee drinkers out there, she recommends prune juice as a commendable alternative.

Why does coffee, particularly the morning cup, send many of us to the bathroom? Manaker explains,

“It stimulates the gastrointestinal tract, which increases peristalsis—the movements your intestines make to push content toward the exit.”

Simply put, coffee causes the muscles in your colon to contract, stimulating a bowel movement.

Moreover, coffee’s natural acidity may aid digestion by increasing stomach acid production. Both caffeinated and decaffeinated varieties of coffee contain acids that enhance the production of a particular hormone, gastrin, leading to the muscle contractions that stimulate bowel movements.

Manaker adds that for many individuals, even “the mere act of drinking a warm liquid in the morning can stimulate bowel movements.” However, she also highlights that individual reactions to coffee can differ significantly.

If coffee isn’t your beverage of choice, don’t worry – prune juice is another drink that can relieve constipation effectively. While not everyone can handle prune juice, its high dietary fiber and sorbitol content make it an excellent natural remedy for constipation.

“Prune juice is often hailed as a natural remedy for constipation due to its dietary fiber and sorbitol,” explains Manaker. “The fiber in prune juice adds bulk to the stool, which helps to promote bowel movements. Sorbitol, a natural sugar alcohol found in prunes, works as a laxative by drawing water into the intestines, softening the stool, and making it easier to pass.”

This combination creates an effective and gentle method to address constipation and encourage regular bowel movements. Manaker underscores the fact that staying hydrated is crucial to promoting good digestive health and regular bowel movements.

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Oncologist Reveals Top 5 Cancer Prevention Tips You Shouldn’t Ignore

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In the complex world of cancer, experts often struggle to pinpoint a single cause for this life-altering disease. However, certain risk factors can increase your likelihood of developing it, many of which are preventable. Renowned oncologist Waqqas Tai, DO, recently provided insights into the habits he personally avoids to maintain a low risk level. Drawing upon his extensive knowledge and experience, he shared five things that he “would never do as a cancer doctor.”

1. Tobacco Usage

Dr. Tai’s first advice pertains to tobacco. He warns against the usage of tobacco products and vaping due to their carcinogenic properties.

“Smoking tobacco, using any tobacco products, and vaping—all that is carcinogenic. The tobacco products, the tobacco itself has carcinogenic properties,” he alerts.

The American Cancer Society (ACS) validates this, stating that tobacco smoke contains thousands of chemicals, 70 of which are known to be carcinogens. Dr. Tai also flags the harmful combustion aspect of smoking, and the resultant tar buildup in the lungs, which can lead to cancer.

2. Alcohol Consumption

Another substance Dr. Tai recommends avoiding is alcohol. He notes that even a single glass of wine at dinner can be carcinogenic.

“Any level—even one glass of red wine at dinner—is carcinogenic,” he explains.

This aligns with the recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which advises against drinking to lower cancer risk.

3. Consuming Certain Meats

The next item on Dr. Tai’s avoidance list is specific types of food.

“All red meats and deli meats are carcinogenic,” he shares. According to him, the processes of salting, curing, and smoking these meats produce numerous carcinogenic byproducts, posing a serious health risk.

4. Neglecting Sunscreen

Regular application of sunscreen is a habit that the oncologist strongly advocates for.

“Any skin that’s going to be exposed to the sun has to be covered, especially if you’re going to be driving for a long time to work or you’re a commuter,” he advises.

It’s not a one-time solution, however. Dr. Tai stresses the need to reapply sunscreen every few hours for continued protection against harmful UV rays.

5. Avoiding Obesity

Lastly, Dr. Tai emphasizes the link between obesity and cancer risk.

“If you are overweight, you are at a higher risk of cancer,” he explains. To lower this risk, he advises engaging in rigorous exercises for at least 150 minutes per week.

For those struggling with weight loss, the oncologist suggests considering professional medical assistance, such as bariatric surgery or medications like Ozempic or Mounjaro.

Navigating the vast ocean of cancer-related information can be overwhelming. However, key insights from professionals like Dr. Tai offer valuable guidance on preventable risks. Remember, every little step counts in the journey toward a healthier life. Remember, though valuable, this information should not replace the professional advice from your healthcare provider. Always consult with them regarding your medication or any other health concerns.

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